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2011 APPIC Match: Survey of Internship Applicants

Part 3: Comparison of Applicants Based on Degree Type

May 30, 2011


This report is the third of three parts of the results from the survey of applicants who were registered for the 2011 APPIC Match, and provides a comparison of applicants based on type of doctoral degree sought (Ph.D. and Psy.D.).

Please note that most applicants completed the survey prior to the completion of Phase II of the Match, and thus these results primarily reflect matching that occurred only in Phase I.

This report is best viewed using a fixed-width font.

Important interpretation notes:
 
   1.  Many of these characteristics are likely to be correlated
       (e.g., having children, being older, geographic
       restrictions).  One should not assume cause-and-effect
       relationships based on this data.
 
   2.  No significance testing has been performed on this data.
       Thus, one should not assume that differences are significant.
 
   3.  Some results with small n's have not had the match rate 
       calculated.

   4.  Applicants who withdrew from the Match or did not submit a
       Rank Order List were counted as "unmatched."

   5.  Match rates are calculated based on the information provided
       by respondents to the APPIC survey.

All 4,199 applicants who registered for the APPIC Match were sent an 
e-mail message (along with two reminder e-mails) about the availability 
of the survey at a specific internet address.  A total of 2,731 internship 
applicants (65%) completed some or all of the survey.
 
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1.  Training model of doctoral program:
 
                                     Ph.D.     Psy.D.
    Scientist-Practitioner            77%        5%
    Practitioner-Scholar or           10%       80%
       Scholar-Practitioner
    Practitioner                       0%        2%
    Clinical Scientist                 8%        1%
    Local Clinical Scientist           0%        4%
    Practitioner-Scientist             2%        5%
    Practitioner Informed by Science   0%        3%
    Other                              2%        1%
 
 
2.  Years enrolled in current doctoral program (includes the
    current academic year; excludes other graduate programs;
    does not include year of internship):
 
                    Ph.D.     Psy.D.
    2nd year          1%        2%
    3rd year          9%       16%
    4th year         34%       59%
    5th year         37%       17%
    6th year         14%        5%
    7th or later      6%        2%
 
 
3.  Status prior to entering current doctoral program:
 
                                              Ph.D.    Psy.D.
    No prior graduate training                 56%      57%
    Master's degree in psychology              25%      24%
    Master's degree in mental health           11%       9%
       field other than psychology
    Master's degree in unrelated field          2%       3%
    Enrolled in Master's program in             2%       3%
       psychology but did not receive
       a degree
     Enrolled in Master's program in MH         1%       1%
       field other than psychology but
       did not receive a degree
    Enrolled in Master's program in an          0%       1%
       unrelated field but did not
       receive a degree
    Other                                       3%       2%

 
4.  Size of doctoral class (i.e., number of students who
    began doctoral program in the same year as respondent)
 
                           Ph.D.     Psy.D.
    1 - 10 students        74%         8%
    11 - 20 students       17%        21%
    21 - 30 students        4%        26%
    31 - 40 students        2%        10%
    41 - 50 students        2%         9%
    51 or more              2%        26%
 
 
5.  Debt accrued to date as a consequence of attending
    GRADUATE SCHOOL IN PSYCHOLOGY, including tuition, fees,
    living expenses, books, etc.  Includes all forms of
    debt; does not include undergraduate debt or debt that
    is unrelated to graduate training.
 
       Ph.D.  Median =  $  40,000
              Mean =    $  53,160
              S.D. =    $  58,932
 
       Psy.D. Median =  $ 120,000
              Mean =    $ 123,787
              S.D. =    $  70,013

    NOTE:  Mean debt load for Ph.D. students has increased
    by $2,043 (4.0%) since 2008, while Psy.D. students have
    experienced an increase in debt of $14,253 (13.0%) in  
    the same time period.

    Percent of applicants with:
 
       No debt           Ph.D. = 24%     Psy.D. =  8%
       Debt <= $50,000   Ph.D. = 62%     Psy.D. = 16%
       Debt >= $100,000  Ph.D. = 21%     Psy.D. = 70%
       Debt >= $150,000  Ph.D. =  8%     Psy.D. = 38%
       Debt >= $200,000  Ph.D. =  3%     Psy.D. = 17%

    Virtually all applicants will remain in training for
    at least 18 months (including the internship year) after the
    completion of this survey and may incur additional debt
    during that period.
 
 
6.  Types of internship programs that would be considered
    acceptable by applicant’s doctoral program.
 
    Accredited internship           Ph.D. = 99%   Psy.D. = 97%
    APPIC-member, not accredited    Ph.D. = 35%   Psy.D. = 80%
    Not accredited, non-APPIC       Ph.D. = 18%   Psy.D. = 33%
    Unpaid internship               Ph.D. = 18%   Psy.D. = 37%
 
 
7.  Match Rate
                           Ph.D.    Psy.D.
    Matched                 84%      75%
    Not Matched             14%      22%
    Withdrew or did not      2%       3%
       submit rankings
 
 
8.  Times participating in the APPIC Match:
 
                           Ph.D.    Psy.D.
    First time              91%      90%
    Second time              9%       9%
    Third time               0%       1%
    Fourth time              0%       0%
 
 
9.  Percentage of matched applicants that were placed at an
    APA- or CPA-accredited program:
 
    Ph.D.  = 94%
    Psy.D. = 64%
 
 
10. Doctoral practicum hours reported on the AAPI:
 
                                    Ph.D.    Psy.D.
    Doctoral Intervention Hours
       Median                        602      540
       Mean                          650      576
       St. Dev.                      348      293
 
    Doctoral Assessment Hours
       Median                        167      122
       Mean                          225      163
       St. Dev.                      202      162
  
    Doctoral Supervision Hours
       Median                        347      262
       Mean                          377      284
       St. Dev.                      186      149


11. Integrated testing reports reported on the AAPI:

    Adult Testing Reports
       Median                          7        7
 
    Child/Adolescent Testing Reports
       Median                          5        4
 
 
12. Number of applications submitted:
 
                 Ph.D.    Psy.D.

    Median        15        17
    Mode          15        15
    Mean          14.9      17.1
    SD            5.5       7.1
 
 
13. Number of interviews offered:
 
                 Ph.D.    Psy.D.

    Median        7         5
    Mode          5         3
    Mean          7.0       5.7
    SD            3.9       3.9
 
 
14. For matched applicants - setting to which they were
    matched (respondents were instructed to check all
    that applied):
 
                                            Ph.D.   Psy.D.
       Armed Forces Medical Center            2%      3%
       Child/Adol. Psychiatric/Pediatrics    17%     13%
       Community Mental Health               11%     25%
       Consortium                            12%      6%
       Medical School                        19%      6%
       Prison / Other Correctional            3%      9%
       Private General Hospital               7%      5%
       Private Outpatient Clinic              3%      8%
       Private Psychiatric Hospital           2%      4%
       Psychology Department                  2%      1%
       School District                        5%      3%
       State / County / Other Public Hosp.   10%     11%
       University Counseling Center          14%     16%
       VA Medical Center                     24%     10%
       Other                                  2%      4%
 
 
15. Rank of program to which applicant was matched:
 
                               Ph.D.     Psy.D.
       #1 choice                50%        48%
       #2 choice                23%        23%
       #3 choice                11%        11%
       #4 choice                 7%         7%
       #5 choice                 4%         4%
     
 
16. Age of applicant:

                 Ph.D.    Psy.D.

    Median        29        28
    Mode          28        27
    Mean          30.2      30.0
    SD            5.1       5.9
 
    Percent of applicants who were:
 
        Age 25 or less    Ph.D. =  5%     Psy.D. = 12%
        Age 40 or older   Ph.D. =  6%     Psy.D. =  8%
        Age 50 or older   Ph.D. =  2%     Psy.D. =  2%
 
 
17.  Gender
 
     Female      Ph.D. = 79%     Psy.D. = 79%
     Male        Ph.D. = 21%     Psy.D. = 20%
 
 
18.  Racial / Ethnic identification:
 
     African-American/Black     Ph.D. =  7%     Psy.D. =  6%
     American Indian/Alaskan    Ph.D. =  1%     Psy.D. =  1%
        Native
     Asian/Pacific Islander     Ph.D. =  8%     Psy.D. =  6%
     Hispanic/Latino            Ph.D. =  6%     Psy.D. = 10%
     White (non-hispanic)       Ph.D. = 75%     Psy.D. = 75%
     Bi-racial/Multi-racial     Ph.D. =  5%     Psy.D. =  3%
     Other                      Ph.D. =  3%     Psy.D. =  4%
 
 
19.  Sexual Orientation:
 
     Heterosexual        Ph.D. = 92%     Psy.D. = 91%
     Gay Male            Ph.D. =  2%     Psy.D. =  2%
     Lesbian             Ph.D. =  2%     Psy.D. =  2%
     Bisexual            Ph.D. =  3%     Psy.D. =  3%
     Other               Ph.D. =  1%     Psy.D. =  1%
 
 
20.  Disability:
 
     None           Ph.D. = 94%     Psy.D. = 91%
 
 
21.  Geographic restriction on internship search:
 
     None                           Ph.D. = 41%     Psy.D. = 40%
 
 
22.  Of those who reported a geographic restriction, the reason
     for the restriction:
 
     Due to significant family,     Ph.D. = 35%     Psy.D. = 48%
        financial, and/or health
        considerations
 
     Due to personal preference     Ph.D. = 58%     Psy.D. = 45%


23.  Scope of geographic restriction

     Single city or town, or        Ph.D. = 22%     Psy.D. = 37% 
        within 100-mile radius
        of a city/town
     State/Province                 Ph.D. = 14%     Psy.D. = 19%
     Region of the country          Ph.D. = 49%     Psy.D. = 30%
     Other                          Ph.D. = 15%     Psy.D. = 14%


24.  Completion of comprehensive / qualifying / preliminary 
     exams:

     Prior to submitting            Ph.D. = 96%     Psy.D. = 93%
        internship applications
     Later                          Ph.D. =  4%     Psy.D. =  7%


25.  Completion of proposal for dissertation or research 
     project:

     Prior to submitting            Ph.D. = 81%     Psy.D. = 76%
        internship applications
     Later                          Ph.D. = 19%     Psy.D. = 24%